In support of U.S. alliances

Executive Summary United States alliances with East Asian countries are not a fight-for-cash proposition, as Donald Trump continues to suggest. They are an important instrument of U.S. national security strategy, whereby we have chosen to defend the homeland by forward deployment of our armed forces in the Asia-Pacific. Moreover, our allies pay a significant cost

Is LNG the new fuel for the global economy?

During this year’s G7 summit, Japan announced its vision of creating a LNG market to meet increasing energy demand. Natural resource markets are a foundation for trade and economic development. What is less well known is the close link between the natural resource markets and the currency markets. LNG was first imported to Japan by

Pakistan, Terrorist Groups, and Credible Responses

More than a week after the terrorist attack on an Indian army base in Uri, close to the Line of Control (LoC), the de facto border between Pakistani and Indian-administered parts of Kashmir, on the Indian side, a familiar pattern has returned. Which is to say: a group of terrorists crossed the Line of Control,

The geopolitical rationale for climate action

Ahead of the G20 Summit in Hangzhou this month, the US and China jointly announced that they will ratify the Paris Climate Change Accord agreed to in 2015. But even with ratification the Paris agreement places no legally binding obligation on countries to reduce their emissions. In this context, the plans by both countries to

Political concerns fuel Japanese business pessimism in China

The Japanese business community is increasingly pessimistic about the Japan–China relationship. For the past three years the US-based Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) and the Japan-based Nihon Keizai Shimbun (Nikkei) have surveyed Japanese business people about their attitudes to the bilateral relationship with China. Results from the most recent 2016 survey, released in

Japan-South Korea Relations in 2016: A Return to the Old Normal

This post was coauthored with Brad Glosserman, executive director at Pacific Forum CSIS. Original Source: Asia Unbound

Pyongyang’s ‘weapons first, negotiations later’ strategy

On 9 September 2016, the US Geological Survey detected a 5.3-magnitude earthquake in the area of North Korea’s Punggye-ri underground test site. Four hours later, North Korean state television announced that it had successfully detonated a nuclear warhead. Based on the seismic waveforms, the blast is estimated to have been about 10 kilotons — more than

Nuclear ‘no first use’: the debate continues

The US policy of being prepared to use nuclear weapons in response to a large-scale conventional attack on its allies is simply not credible. The logic of national survival will always trump the politics of alliance solidarity. And a non-credible threat of first use cannot deter any attack. What holds a potential aggressor in check

Globalisation backlash revisited

MUCH of the political action in recent years can be linked to a backlash against globalisation—the Brexit vote or the rise of politicians like Marine Le Pen and Donald Trump, for example. A recent post drew parallels with the first great era of globalisation in the late 19th/early 20th centuries which also led to a

Indonesia’s ASEAN leadership lost at sea

As ASEAN meetings in Vientiane concluded in September 2016, an air of anxiety was already beginning to settle over the Southeast Asian nations. Further resistance against China’s maritime assertiveness in the South China Sea is proving increasingly futile. Nothing displays this conviction better than ASEAN’s muted acquiescence towards Beijing’s rejection of a legally binding Permanent

The Missing Argument? Implications of the UK’s EU Referendum for Foreign Policy

Invitation Only Research Event The Missing Argument? Implications of the UK’s EU Referendum for Foreign Policy 9 Mar 2016 – 10:00 to 15:00     Chatham House, London Europe Programme, Interrelationship of UK and EU foreign policy: Costs and Benefits Overview On 23 June 2016, British voters will go to the polls to decide on

The geopolitical rationale for climate action

Ahead of the G20 Summit in Hangzhou this month, the US and China jointly announced that they will ratify the Paris Climate Change Accord agreed to in 2015. But even with ratification the Paris agreement places no legally binding obligation on countries to reduce their emissions. In this context, the plans by both countries to

FTA with Vietnam is win-win deal

The EU’s FTA with Vietnam will boost growth and investment according to the top officials who negotiated the deal. Speaking at a conference on 14 September, co-sponsored by the EU-Asia Centre, Tran Quoc Khahn, Vice Minister of industry and trade, and Mauro Petriccione, Deputy Director General, DG Trade, both expressed optimism about the potential for

Colloquium on interdisciplinary arguments on scarcity, morality and public policy

Where? Vilnius, Artis Hotel When? November 17th, 2016 The goals of the colloquium are to advance among free-market think-tankers interdisciplinary perspectives on liberty, morality and free markets and to equip them with interdisciplinary arguments in favor of free enterprise. The colloquium will consist of four topic-specific sessions, on monetary policy, the welfare state, labour market

Fiscal Stimulus Must Play Its Part in Reviving Global Growth

09 September 2016 Alan Wheatley Associate Fellow, International Economics The era of ever-easier monetary policy is drawing to a close. Mario Draghi spoke approvingly of a commitment by G20 leaders to use all tools to shore up growth. Photo by Getty Images. It is time for fiscal stimulus to gradually assume more of the burden

Discussion on Authoritarian Populism in Europe

On September 15, 2016 the Lithuanian Free Market Institute (LFMI) in partnership with Timbro and  the Institute of International Relations and Political Sciences of Vilnius University will hold a discussion “Authoritarian Populism in Europe: The Resurgence of Parties and Ideologies.” A recently published Timbro Authoritarian Populism Index (TAPI) reveals that never before have populist parties had as

Brexit and the City of London: What Future for the UK’s Financial Services Industry?

Invitation Only Research Event Brexit and the City of London: What Future for the UK’s Financial Services Industry? 21 Sep 2016 – 08:15 to 09:30 Chatham House London Europe Programme Participants David J. Wright, Partner, Flint Global; Secretary-General, International Organization of Securities Commissions (2012-16); Director and then Director-General, Financial Services Policy, DG for Internal Market

Japan Lays Out a Guide to Brexit

06 September 2016 Sir David Warren Associate Fellow, Asia Programme Britain would do well to embrace Tokyo’s constructive criticism as it prepares for life outside the EU. Inside the Nissan plant in Sunderland. Photo by Getty Images. The Japanese government paper on the implications of Brexit released on 2 September has been described in the

How to pluck fruits of sharing economy?

What is “sharing” or, as it is sometimes referred to, “collaborative” economy? It is a rapidly rising business model which enables online trade in goods and services. For example, Lithuanians already enjoy ride-sharing platform Uber, P2P lending platforms such as Savy or Finbee, borrow things from each other on dalinuosi.lt and rent out their homes

Lithuania to Forge Ahead in Doing Business Rankings

Ranked 20th in the 2016 World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Index, Lithuania has outstripped its closest neighbours Latvia and Poland. Yet, possibilities of forging ahead as one of the most business-friendly economies are not fully exhausted. Indeed, Lithuania has high ratings for starting a business, registering property and enforcing contracts, but red tape and

South and Southeast Asia—The Islamic State’s New Front?

Over the past year, as the Islamic State (ISIS) has suffered multiple losses in Syria and Iraq, the group has clearly been looking to widen its impact, taking the fight to countries outside of the Middle East. Increasingly, ISIS leaders have used social media to call on Islamic radicals to stage attacks in countries in

The Trans-Pacific Partnership: The politics of openness and leadership in the Asia-Pacific

Executive Summary1 Trade policy, and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) in particular, is vitally connected to the national interests of prosperity, security, and governance. With novel rules on the digital economy, high tariff elimination targets, and disciplines to address behind-the-border protectionism, the TPP creates opportunities for American sectors that enjoy competitive strength—services, advanced manufacturing, agriculture—to expand

President Tsai and Beijing clash

The Taiwan Strait has been a hot spot in East Asia since the Chen Shui-bian administration’s push toward independence in the early 2000s. The KMT’s return to power in 2008 started eight years of progress toward peace, but the good old days of stability have been replaced by a stalemate after the DPP returned in

How ‘urban’ is India’s urbanisation?

‘Urban’ seems to be the latest buzzword in India’s public policy circuit. Despite being a latecomer to the urbanisation process, India’s urban population is likely to exceed 590 million people by 2030 — more than the total population of the EU. Recognising urbanisation’s growing contribution to the economy — around 65 per cent of India’s

Duterte Shakes Up Philippine Foreign Policy

Richard Javad Heydarian is an assistant professor in political science at De La Salle University in Manila, and, most recently, the author of Asia’s New Battlefield: The U.S., China, and the Struggle for Western Pacific. Original Source: Asia Unbound

The CCP returns to Chinese cultural roots

The Chinese Communist Party’s recent return to Chinese roots has brought about a new synthesis between political and cultural nationalism. China’s one-party state has not only moved away from its usual revolutionary style but it is also promoting Sino-centrism with uncharacteristic gusto.  This shift has notable ramifications for China both domestically and internationally. For a

Duterte’s strongman populism is working

Less than three months into his term, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte is confronting a paradox of power. Duterte has amassed enough political capital to radically reform and revitalise the country’s emaciated institutions. He has swiftly expanded his grip on the Philippine political system, making him arguably the country’s most powerful president since the fall of

Can embracing diversity solve Japan’s population problems?

Japan’s population has been falling since 2011. In 2014 Japan’s total fertility rate stood at 1.42 children per woman — one of the lowest in the OECD. Population decline has led to labour shortages, decreased consumption and a related hit to the economy, with GDP growth at an anaemic 0.8 per cent in 2015. Decreased

Women can save Japan

By almost any measure Japan ranks as one of the worst countries in the OECD, or among advanced economies, to be a working woman. Women are vastly underrepresented in senior positions in companies, politics and society. The way in which the employment system and labour market work means that women have to choose between having children or

Locking in US–India ties

During a visit to the United States in August 2016, India’s Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar signed the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA). It seems that New Delhi has gone deeper into Washington’s embrace while still staying true to India’s own strategic autonomy. LEMOA will overall enhance inter-operability and allow both nations to use each

The fall-out from the Brussels terrorist attacks

What’s next in responding to terror threats in Europe? Original Source: European Policy Center

Nord Stream II – yes or no? – Political decision of a political Commission

Will this Commission be ready to defend EU principles and commitments when assessing Nord Stream II? Original Source: European Policy Center

Podcast: The Life and Death of John Birch

When most Americans hear the name John Birch, they immediately think of the John Birch Society: an anticommunist, right-wing advocacy group that flourished in the 1950s and 60s. But who was John Birch, and what did the society have to do with him? On this week’s Asia Unbound podcast I speak with Terry Lautz, visiting

Advisory Papers on Political Party Development IV

Our 4th edition of the Advisory Papers on “Guidelines for How Political Parties Can Effectively Use New Media in Their Public Relations and Communications Programs” is now available. Original Source: KAS Kambodscha

Survey Report on Waste Management Practices at Municipality/District Level

The NLC/S, supported by KAS Cambodia, has documented current practices and challenges related to waste management at the subnational level in Cambodia and in other selected countries. The results have been summarized in a report and are now available in English and Khmer. Original Source: KAS Kambodscha

High-Speed Railroad and Economic Geography: Evidence from Japan

Surging high-speed railroad investments may encourage the formation of megacities due to further agglomeration in service industries. This can have profound implications for urban policies on society, demographics, and environment. Original Source: Asian Development Bank

UK Unplugged? The Impacts of Brexit on Energy and Climate Policy

Project: Energy, Environment and Resources Department, Europe Programme26 May 2016   Antony Froggatt   Senior Research Fellow, Energy, Environment and Resources   Thomas Raines   Research Fellow and Programme Manager, Europe Programme In the field of energy and climate change policy, remaining in the EU offers the best balance of policy options for Britain’s national interests.

Passages to India: Reflecting on 50 years of research in South Asia

Editors’ Note: How do states manage their armed forces, domestic politics, and foreign affairs? Stephen Cohen, senior fellow with the India Project at Brookings, has studied this and a range of other issues in Southeast Asia since the 1960s. In a new book, titled “The South Asia Papers: A Critical Anthology of Writings,” Cohen reflects

Integrity pacts: a how-to guide from practitioners

“Integrity Pacts” are a tool developed by Transparency International for tackling corruption in public procurement. They have been applied in many countries around the world for over 20 years. There are even countries in which the use of the Integrity Pact has become part of the law or governmental procedures, such as in India or

The Missing Argument? Implications of the UK’s EU Referendum for Foreign Policy

Invitation Only Research Event The Missing Argument? Implications of the UK’s EU Referendum for Foreign Policy 9 Mar 2016 – 10:00 to 15:00     Chatham House, London Europe Programme, Interrelationship of UK and EU foreign policy: Costs and Benefits Overview On 23 June 2016, British voters will go to the polls to decide on

Addressing Crises and Promoting Peace Around the World: The Evolution of Japan’s Approach

Thu20 Oct Invitation Only Research Event Addressing Crises and Promoting Peace Around the World: The Evolution of Japan’s Approach 20 Oct 2016 – 12:30 to 13:30 Add to Calendar iCalendar Outlook Google Yahoo Chatham House, London Asia Programme, UK-Japan Global Seminar Series Participants Izumi Nakamitsu, Assistant Secretary-General, United Nations; Assistant Administrator, United Nations Development Programme

Colloquium on interdisciplinary arguments on scarcity, morality and public policy

Where? Vilnius, Artis Hotel When? November 17th, 2016 The goals of the colloquium are to advance among free-market think-tankers interdisciplinary perspectives on liberty, morality and free markets and to equip them with interdisciplinary arguments in favor of free enterprise. The colloquium will consist of four topic-specific sessions, on monetary policy, the welfare state, labour market

Discussion on Authoritarian Populism in Europe

On September 15, 2016 the Lithuanian Free Market Institute (LFMI) in partnership with Timbro and  the Institute of International Relations and Political Sciences of Vilnius University will hold a discussion “Authoritarian Populism in Europe: The Resurgence of Parties and Ideologies.” A recently published Timbro Authoritarian Populism Index (TAPI) reveals that never before have populist parties had as

Brexit and the City of London: What Future for the UK’s Financial Services Industry?

Invitation Only Research Event Brexit and the City of London: What Future for the UK’s Financial Services Industry? 21 Sep 2016 – 08:15 to 09:30 Chatham House London Europe Programme Participants David J. Wright, Partner, Flint Global; Secretary-General, International Organization of Securities Commissions (2012-16); Director and then Director-General, Financial Services Policy, DG for Internal Market

Korean Unification and Prospects for Peace and Prosperity in Northeast Asia

Wed07 Sep Invitation Only Research Event Korean Unification and Prospects for Peace and Prosperity in Northeast Asia 7 Sep 2016 – 10:00 to 11:00 Add to Calendar iCalendar Outlook Google Yahoo Chatham House, London Asia Programme, Korean Peninsula Participants Dr Kihl-Jae Ryoo, Professor, University of North Korean Studies, Seoul; Minister of Unification, Republic of Korea

The Changing Dynamics of the Australia-China Economic Relationship

Tue06 Sep Invitation Only Research Event The Changing Dynamics of the Australia-China Economic Relationship 6 Sep 2016 – 10:30 to 12:00 Add to Calendar iCalendar Outlook Google Yahoo Chatham House, London International Economics Department Participants Peter David Drysdale, Emeritus Professor of Economics and Visiting Fellow, Crawford School of Economics and Government, College of Asia and the

Challenge and Uncertainty in a Volatile World: Japan-UK Perspectives

Wed12 Oct Thu13 Oct Invitation Only Research Event Challenge and Uncertainty in a Volatile World: Japan-UK Perspectives 12 Oct 2016 – 10:15 to 13 Oct 2016 – 14:45 Add to Calendar iCalendar Outlook Google Yahoo Tokyo, Japan Asia Programme, UK-Japan Global Seminar Series Download Results Overview This event will be the fourth in a series

Is the United States losing China to Russia?

Event Information July 26, 2016 10:00 AM – 12:00 PM EDT Falk Auditorium Brookings Institution 1775 Massachusetts Avenue NW Washington, DC 20036 Register for the Event Last month, Russian President Vladimir Putin made his fourth visit to China since President Xi Jinping became top party leader in 2012. During this latest meeting, the two countries

China’s engagement in Africa: From natural resources to human resources

Event Information July 13, 2016 3:30 PM – 5:00 PM EDT Falk Auditorium Brookings Institution 1775 Massachusetts Avenue NW Washington, DC 20036 Register for the Event Throughout the 2000s, Chinese demand for primary goods like oil, iron, copper, and zinc helped Africa reduce poverty more than it had in decades. Even so, China’s total investment